Our team will be returning to southern Sudan to register as an indigenous Non Governmental Organization (NGO) with the South Sudan Relief & Rehabilitation Commission (SSRRC) and the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) in December 2008/January 2009.
A preliminary site visit and survey will be made to determine a suitable building site, to check on site conditions, the type of soils in the area, the costs and availability of local building materials, water sources available, costs of imported materials and the accessibility of roads, etc. [To learn more.]
Our initial objectives through December 2008/January 2009 are to create "Immediate Impact Zones" within the townships of Mareng, Duk Fadiat and Duk Faiwil, by providing public healthcare prevention and education campaigns to save lives.
By promoting "safe, best practices" of basic hygiene, sanitation, water purification, proper food preparation and storage, how to "prevent" and/or "treat" simple diseases, as well as promoting Mine Risk Education, the community will learn the importance and roll prevention & education plays in the treatment of simple diseases, in addition to how these "safe, best practices" will have a positive long-lasting impact on the community at large.
This "Initiative" will minimize the deaths occurring within these communities and ultimately stabilize the local population, and by sharing this much needed healthcare information & education, we hope to create an "Immediate Impact" and save lives with the message of "treatment" and "prevention" upon our arrival. [To learn more.]
HIV is a "preventable" and "treatable" retrovirus that can lead to AIDS. HIV can lead to a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of an infected individual's blood, semen, vaginal fluid or breast milk.
Because of its recent emergence from civil war, many fear that southern Sudan could experience a major HIV epidemic because of low levels of HIV/AIDs awareness among the population, an influx of returning refugees from neighboring countries with higher HIV prevalence and an increase in cross-border trade. Many are also worried that as the country rebuilds, increased mobility among people could significantly intensify the spread of HIV. [CDC]
Malaria is a "preventable" and "treatable" mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite that kills more than a million people a year worldwide, 90% of which are African children.
Once infected people often experience fever, chills and flu-like symptoms. Left untreated, they can quickly develop severe complications and die. The disease can be easily prevented though through the use of bed nets and insecticides, as well as be cured with anti-malarial drugs. Both are effective tools to fight malaria in areas where it is transmitted. [CDC]
Dracunculiasis, more commonly known as Guinea worm disease (GWD), is a "preventable" infection caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis. Infection affects poor communities in remote parts of Africa that do not have safe water to drink.
There is no drug to treat Guinea worm disease (GWD) and no vaccine to prevent infection, however though, by educating people to follow these simple control measures one can completely prevent illness and eliminate transmission of the disease: [CDC]
Drink only water from underground sources (such as from borehole or hand-dug wells) free from contamination.
Prevent persons with an open Guinea worm ulcer from entering ponds and wells used for drinking water.
Always filter drinking water, using a cloth filter, to remove the water fleas.
Provide communities with new safe sources of drinking water, or have existing dysfunctional ones repaired.
Also, unsafe sources of drinking water can be treated with an approved larvicide.
Mine Risk Education (MRE) helps people to safely live, work and travel through areas contaminated with landmines and/or unexploded ordnance (UXO).
MRE is more than safety message delivery. We ant to ensures that the target audience has the knowledge and skills required to adopt feasible strategies and take appropriate action which will keep themselves and others safe.
The design and implementation of MRE activities varies considerably depending on the target audience (age, gender, literacy etc.), the context in which they live and work and the underlying reasons for risk taking behavior.
The choice of content and discussion is tailored to the target audience but may include:
Recognition of commonly found remnants of conflict
Known areas of contamination and accidents in the locality
Areas likely to be mined, warning clues and signs
How to find out about safe and dangerous areas
How to carry out daily activities safely
How to keep others safe, e.g. returnees, younger siblings
How to report a dangerous item
What to do in an emergency situation
Alternative strategies that could be implemented by the community and/or outside agencies (e.g. identification of land for safe play areas, new bore hole drilled in a safe area etc.) to minimize risk.
MRE can be delivered in a variety of ways such as through radio and TV broadcasts, participatory face to face discussions, billboards, posters and drama.
It is our hope to partner and work with the Mine Advisory Group, who trains trainers (e.g. teachers, religious/village leaders) to deliver MRE and distributes materials, which supports the delivery of MRE such as school curricula, safe village packs and a range of small media. [MAG]
These mills will save many women and girls from thousands of hours of backbreaking labor. In addition, the mills could provide jobs for women, and improved the quality of life of hundreds more.
For example, many of the village girls who would normally have pound grain out of necessity would be freed up to attend primary and secondary school. [To learn more.]